How Access Management System Help Companies Improve Security and Prevent Cyber Threats

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In recent years, access management system design has become a critical effort and problem for every organization or firm. An identity and access management tools cyber security breach might severely influence employee productivity, your IT network, corporate reputation, and profit. Cyber security risks are developing at an alarming rate and have become a daily fight for any firm that is a possible target. Critical infrastructure businesses, such as banking and insurance institutions, government agencies, public utilities, airports, energy, and healthcare organizations, are particularly attractive targets.

Attackers frequently utilize the Internet, remote access, and partner network tunnels to get access to your user access management system and facilities. Attackers exploit weaknesses wherever they exist, employing a wide range of tactics and tools to investigate networks, publicize targets, restrict activities, gain a competitive edge, and promote causes. As a result, businesses must develop an effective enterprise security strategic plan based on an identity and access management system, continuing vulnerability assessments, an access management system open source, automatic intrusion detection, and enterprise response planning.

If you are looking for a mechanism to improve the security of your company, prevent cyber threats, and know some identity management system examples, this article is for you!

What are access management systems?

Businesses employ access management to enforce the idea of AAA (authentication, authorization, and accounting), which is a critical component of cybersecurity. According to the AAA premise, computer systems should only allow specific, validated, and authorized persons or processes to access certain data, resources, or network settings. Furthermore, systems should preserve a detailed record of who accessed what resources and what those persons did with those resources. While AAA may appear simple, its deployment across complicated systems can be difficult.

Identity and access management (IAM) products frequently include access management solutions. These technologies are used by businesses to assist in assigning and maintaining users’ digital identities, such as login credentials. Access management’s job inside IAM is to allocate, verify, regulate, and manage users’ access to certain processes, data, or systems. Businesses can enforce access management through a variety of means. Each method to access management tries to guarantee that only the appropriate individuals or processes have access to certain resources.

What are the access management examples?

The phrase access management refers to a set of safeguards designed to prevent unauthorized access to a computer system or network. These controls can be implemented in a variety of methods, and their success is determined by the company’s data rules. Here are several examples:

Mandatory Access

This is a system-enforced access restriction based on a subject’s clearance and the labels of an object. It is commonly used in conjunction with tiered security classifications such as Top Secret, Confidential, and Secret.

Discretionary Access

This is a sort of access control in which access to things is restricted based on the identification of the people and groups to which they belong. The restrictions are discretionary in the sense that a subject with a specific access authorization can transmit that permission to another subject.

Rule Based Access

Rule-based access is pre-defined (for example, via an ACL) under this paradigm and is assessed to determine access rights. Rule-based access specifies the particular and detailed circumstances under which a subject can or cannot access an object, as well as what that subject can do once access is allowed. While the rule-based model is a simple way to handle access control permissions, it is a highly difficult and inefficient control if you need to regulate access at a finer level. In short, rule-based controls apply rules to all users uniformly, but role-based controls are ineffective for more nuanced applications.

Physical Access

Access to a physical area inside an organization is restricted by physical access restrictions. Access to rooms, physical IT assets, and buildings, in general, is restricted using this sort of access control. One advantage of applying these restrictions is that you can keep track of who enters and exits restricted regions. 

Physical access control examples include badge card readers and fob-controlled doors, which require the user to produce a valid physical credential in order to enter a room or facility. These readers only provide access to personnel who have the necessary credentials.

Role Based Access

This is a type of control that restricts access depending on the role of the user. Custom roles are frequently created with a least privilege policy in mind, and access is terminated when it is no longer needed. 

Attribute Based Access

This is a type of access that regulates access based on qualities. User attributes, resource or object attributes, and environmental attributes are examples of these.

 Policy Based Access

This is an approach for managing access based on policies that specify what access role each individual must have.

What is the purpose of access management?

The prime goal of access management is to provide users with the right to utilize a service or a set of services. An IT service provider has a variety of services, assets, and configuration elements. Furthermore, each service or configuration item must be made available only to persons or groups that are authorized to use it. Consider how a service is used to list an employee’s pay and compensation package data in a corporation. Should this service be available to all employees? Obviously not. This service must only be provided to responsible human resources staff. Consider another service that facilitates money transfers between business divisions or suppliers. This service must be restricted to finance department staff exclusively.

The second goal of the access management process is to execute rules and actions outlined in security and availability management, which is also the goal of the access management process. Because the access management process strives to offer services for the usage of the appropriate persons or groups, security and availability management rules and actions are also part of the access management goals. Consecutively, security management is responsible for data protection and making data or services available exclusively to responsible individuals or organizations. Furthermore, because access management gives permissions to individuals or groups who will utilize services, the access management process collaborates with the security and availability management process while developing rules and actions.

To summarize, access management prevents unauthorized people from accessing data. This is crucial for a business since critical data in the wrong hands may cause irrevocable damage to the firm.

What are the steps in access management?

The degree of a service’s or asset’s capabilities that a certain user is permitted to utilize is referred to as access. Access management is the process of granting only authorized users access to certain assets and IT services while preventing unauthorized users from doing so. To thoroughly understand the flow of access management, here are the simplified steps:

Request Access

The first step is to make one of the following sorts of requests to seek access to a specific IT service.

  • The Human Resources department directly submitted a Standard request.
  • The change management process sends a request for change.
  • The service desk received a service request.
  • An auto-provisioning request in which lesser requests are handled automatically.

Identity Verification

It is the responsibility of access management to validate the identity of the user making the request as well as the authenticity of the request.

Right to Access

After verifying the user’s identification, access management allows him the authority to access a certain IT service in accordance with the restrictions. If undefined, the access management provides the user access to the service after submitting requests to the relevant departments and gaining permission. 

Identity Monitoring

Employees in a certain role or wanting IT service access change often in a large firm. It is the responsibility of access management to keep track of all access privileges provided to various workers and to update them when the appropriate personnel leaves their positions.

Logging and Tracking Access

Access management must also maintain track of all IT service users who have been granted access. All service operation process activities should be monitored to verify that only users with the appropriate approval and authorization access a specific IT service. They should also set criteria that make it simple to identify illegal user invasions into the system, excessive erroneous login attempts, and strange activity. 

Access Rights Restriction or Removal

The access privileges of a user must be monitored so that when the user’s position changes over time, and he no longer requires access to a previously required IT service, the permission for access should be removed. Depending on the user’s current state, their access must be limited or terminated accordingly.

Conclusion

Thus, access control is successful in preventing unauthorized people from accessing data, which is critical for a business. This keeps sensitive information out of the wrong hands and protects the organization. Allow Building Techub to help you advance in your service management career.

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