A forklift is an industrial truck used in warehouses or factories to move heavy objects over short distances. Driving such a truck needs special skills, and you need to enroll in a training course at reputed centers like the Forklift Academy & School.
Forklift training schools offer a wide variety of training courses, and you need to select the best one that suits your job needs as a forklift operator. Here are some tips for choosing a suitable training course.
Understanding the Classes of Forklifts
There are seven classes of forklifts trucks with different applications, fuel options, and features. Knowing the classes of trucks will help you select the right training course. Here is some vital information about different forklift trucks
- Class One –Electric motor rider trucks
- Class Two -Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks
- Class Three – Hand-Rider Trucks or Electric Motor Hand
- Class Four – (Cushion Tires) Internal Combustion Engine Trucks
- Class Five – (Pneumatic Tires) Internal Combustion Engine Truck
- Class Six – Electric and Internal Combustion Engine Tractors
- Class Seven – Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks
The training program should be based on general principles of safe truck operation. It should consider the types of forklifts used in the workplace and the different hazards created by using these vehicles. The training should also focus on general safety requirements the operator needs to maintain as per OSHA standards.
Training centers like the Forklift Academy & School should have trainers who have completed the certification and know-how to do the job properly in a given environment. In addition, the trainers should teach students how to perform tasks safely after proper evaluation of the workplace and environment.
The topics of the training course should be relevant to the operating procedures of the classes. Here are some topics that the course should cover
- Operating instructions for the type of forklift vehicle you plan to use.
- Warnings and precautions you need to follow
- Explain the difference between automobile and forklift
- Motor and engine operation
- Maneuvering and steering
- Visibility (that may be restricted due to loading issues)
- Vehicle stability and capacity
- Fork and attachment operation, use limitations, and adaptation
- Vehicle inspection and maintenance the operator has to perform
- Operating Limitations
- Refueling/Recharging procedures
The forklift training course you select should cover all topics mentioned above for the class of truck you plan to operate.
The training topics are not limited to the class of forklift vehicles you plan to operate. It also covers workplace-related topics like
- Surface conditions where you will be operating a truck
- Stack, unstacking, and load manipulation
- The hazardous location where the truck will be operated
- Pedestrian traffic where the forklift vehicle will be operated
- Ramps and other sloped surfaces in the area
- Restricted places and narrow aisles where you will be operating the forklift truck
- Areas with insufficient ventilation or Closed spaces where you will be driving a forklift
- The potential hazardous environment at the workplace where you will be using forklifts.
Written and Driving Tests
The forklift training program should have a written test to check the knowledge and understanding of the operator related to the vehicle, its operation, safety guidelines, and precautions users need to follow. In addition, the driving tests should be part of the training program to test practical skills related to driving the forklift truck.
To sum up, these are some things that the forklift training program needs to cover.